|Kunya Urgench||Mausoleum of TurabekKhanum|
|Kunya Urgench||Mausoleum of TurabekKhanum|
SIN/BKK SQ 970 0715/0840
BKK/ASB T5 648 1300/1800
Assemble at Changi International Airport for your flight to Ashgabat via Bangkok. Upon arrival at Ashgabat International airport, transfer to hotel and rest for the day.
Begin the day touring Central Asia’s modern metropolis city, with high-rise buildings, wide and clean streets. We will first visit Old Nisa fortress that once was a residence of the Parthian empire (247 BC – 253 AD), stretching from the Köpetdag all the way across to the Persian Gulf and Anatolia. After that, we will return to Ashgabat to explore the capital of Turkmenistan. We will see the monument and park of independence, a white-marble monument resembling the Eiffel tower, standing in the beautiful park and a fountain-monument, a sculptural depiction of ten Akhal-Tekke horses placed on top of the beautiful fountain, devoted to the 10th anniversary of independence and the impressive Ertoghrul Ghazi Mosque. Then, we will visit the National Museum of History and Ethnography, with more than 327,000 objects on display, and see the exclusive ancient artefacts from different historical and archaeological sites of Turkmenistan, like Old Nisa, Ancient Merv, etc.
After breakfast, we will visit the colourful Russian bazaar where you will plunge into the atmosphere that resembles exactly the rhythm of Ashgabat life, peculiarities of mentality of the Turkmen capital’s residents. Then, enjoy a jeep ride to the Darvaza gas crater which is also known as the “Door to Hell” or ”Gates of Hell”. It is a football pitch-sized natural gas crater that’s been on fire continuously for more than 40 years. In the evening, enjoy BBQ dinner and watch the spectacular and fascinating view of the gas crater.
(Overnight in camp)
This morning, proceed to Kunya-Urgench, an UNESCO World Heritage Site which was once a glorious capital of the medieval Khorezmshah Empire and the biggest Muslim empire of the late 12th to early 13th centuries. On arrival in Kunya-Urgench, we will have a close look at outstanding monuments of the medieval Khorezm. We will also visit the 14th century Mausoleum of TurabekKhanum, one of the best living examples of the architecture of its period. Other architectures include Minaret of KutlugTimur, a former highest minaret of Central Asia that used to form a part of the main cathedral mosque of the city, Mausoleum of Sultan Tekesh, a beautiful 12th century mausoleum with one of the earliest portals of the east and a unique cone of dome, Kyrk-Mollah mound, the fabled al-Mamun’s Academy of Sciences and the Mausoleum of Il-Arslan, a tiny precursor of unique Khorezmian Mausoleums with a pyramidal cone as its dome. After the tour, transfer to Dashoguz for dinner and return to hotel to rest for the night.
In the morning, transfer to Dashoguz airport for flight back to Ashgabat. Upon arrival, drive to Nokhur mountain village. The small and relatively untouched village of Nohur rests in an unmarked valley of the Kopet Dag Mountains, which make up the border of Iran and southern Turkmenistan. The people of Nohur dress and act conservatively, and their traditions have been able to survive Turkmenistan’s modernization because of the remoteness of their village. Next, drive to Kow Ata underground lake which is located 107 km from Ashgabat. A long metal staircase leads down into the Bakharden Cave, in which the 230 feet long lake is located. The 35°C warm waters contain a high amount of different salts and minerals, most notably sulfur, which is responsible for the distinct smell within the cave. Thus, Köw Ata Underground Lake is also the closest thing Turkmenistan has to a thermal spa. Afterwards, drive to GeokTepe fortress which was attacked in December 1880 by the Russian Empire Army. The siege of GeokTepe lasted 23 days, after which the city was taken by storm. Visit GeokTepe Mosque (SaparmyratHajy) that was built in 1995 to commemorate the defeat and is noted for its mint-turquoise blue colored roof and white marble structure. Visit the Horse Farm to see one of the rarest horse breeds – the Akhal-Teke horses. The AkhalTeke horse is believed to be one of the oldest surviving and purest of horse breeds. The Akal Teke is a descendant of the ancient Turkmene horse that originated from Asia and was used by nomadic tribes as a war horse.
After breakfast, drive to Merv and explore the ancient Merv which was one of the most important capitals of Islam. Also, it is the oldest and best-preserved of the oasis-cities along the Silk Route in Central Asia. The remains in this vast oasis span 4,000 years of human history. A number of monuments are still visible, particularly from the last two millennia. Sightseeing of ancient Merv includes two of the most striking buildings of Merv – Greater Kyz Gala & Lesser Kyz Gala, Complex of Askhabs, the oldest part of the city of Merv complex – Erk Gala &Gyaur Gala, HojaYusupHamadani complex, Sultan Sanjar mausoleum, Muhamed Ibn Zeid mausoleum.
After breakfast, enjoy a ride back to Ashgabat. Upon arrival, free at your leisure to explore the city.
ASB/BKK T5 647 0340/1155
BKK/SIN SQ 977 1530/1855
Transfer to the airport at 1am for the flight back to Singapore via Bangkok. Arrive in Singapore in the evening with fond memories of a wonderful tour in Turkmenistan.
|Airline||Singapore Airlines (SQ)
Turkmenistan Airlines (T5)
|Flying hours (Approx)||
|Time Difference||Turkmenistan is 3 hours behind Singapore.|
|Passport||An international passport with a minimum validity of six months from the date of departure is required.|
|VISAS||For all passport holders, entry visa is required for Turkmenistan upon arrival.|
|Travel Insurance||Travel insurance is highly recommended by us. It covers unforeseen circumstances such as delays, baggage loss, personal accidents, injuries or illnesses. Please approach our staff for your complete insurance needs.|
|Itinerary subject to changes||Itinerary & order of sightseeing tours may be reshuffled due to unforeseen circumstances|