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INTRODUCING TANZANIA
Tanzania is considered one of the oldest known (continuously inhabited) areas on the planet; fossil remains of humans and pre-human hominids have been found here dating back over two million years.

In the late 19th century, Germany conquered the Africa regions that are now Tanzania (minus Zanzibar), Rwanda, and Burundi, and incorporated them into Tanganyika, a part of German East Africa.

After World War II, Tanganyika became a UN territory under British control. Subsequent years witnessed Tanganyika moving gradually toward self-government and independence. Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.

Tanzania's economy relies mostly on agriculture, employing 80% of the workforce. The two main natural resources are gold and natural gas. The gas is exported to various markets overseas. Tanzania is also known for its Tanzanite gemstones.

Known worldwide for its incredible landforms, game preserves, national parks and varieties of wildlife, Tanzania (must sees) include Mount Kilimanjaro, Serengeti National Park, Selous Game Reserve and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

No visit to Tanzania would be complete without at least a brief visit to Mount Kilimanjaro. It is the only peak of its size that can be climbed with relative ease by non-mountaineers. It can be climbed any time of the year, but one should avoid the wet months from mid-March through May.

Serengeti National Park is Tanzania's oldest park, and one of the world's last great wildlife refuges. It supports the greatest remaining concentration of plains game in Africa, including more than three million large mammals. It is the sanctuary of an estimated four million different animals and birds.

The Selous Game Reserve is a World Heritage Site and covers about six per cent of Tanzania's land surface. It is the world's largest game reserve and second only to the Serengeti in its concentration of wildlife. It is also home to the biggest elephant herd in the world.

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a vast protected area. It includes the breeding ground for East Africa's flamingos, the still active Ol-Ndoinyo Lengai volcano, and the Ngorongoro Crater, the largest volcanic caldera on the planet.

Zanzibar (the island) has a growing tourism industry. Zanzibar Town (or city) is a popular destination, and its old quarter is a United Nation's "World Heritage Site". There are many superb white beaches, warm waters and picturesque villages around Zanzibar.